sábado, 21 de febrero de 2009

Complexo do Manguinhos. Rio de Janeiro. Brasil.

This project is characterized by a long term planning of an informal area of the city of Rio de Janeiro. The Manguinho complex is composed by thirteen favelas and is located in the Northern side of the city. The work is lead by an interdisciplinary team throughout the process, with the general coordination conducted by the urban designers. It is presented with three structuring phases: Identification, Diagnosis and Proposal. The identification phase comprises the research and recollection of territorial-physical, social, economic, cultural and legal data.In the Diagnosis phase those data are used to identify problems and potentials using diagrams and graphics to facilitate a dialogue with both the municipality and the community in successive meetings. This phase sets the base for the ideas that would generate the general proposal.The proposal is based on the principle of structuring of the informal sector to integrate it to the rest of the city. Here we developed a 20-year plan with five phases of implementation of four years each. In addition one sector in particular is approached as an exemplary case. We have chosen the most conflictive sector, Leopoldo Bulhões avenue that together with a railroad were dividing the area in two.Two challenges.The Complexo do Manguinho area is known as the Gaza Strip and Leopoldo Bulhões avenue as the Death's Avenue. This gives a sense of the scale of the social problems, which are stronger than the physical-territorial issues present in an area where drug trafficking dominates the scene.

Elemental Chile. Chile. Arq. Jorge Jauregui

The idea of this competition was to rethink affordable housing, contributing for the solution of one of the main problems of the low-income population in Latin America, with inexpensive worthy houses of architectural quality that would configure aggregates with urban and environmental value. The proposal incorporates and synthesizes the principles used in the framework of the Favela Bairro Program of the city of Rio de Janeiro.We proposed an organizational-compositional system that would provide efficiency in the use of the land, create public spaces with quality and a consistent urban image.The units are expansible from their initial 30m2 using a construction technology simple that offers different alternatives of materialization generating diversity within unity. The organizational-compositional system allows for growth without the loss of the image, negotiating the users' individualities with a sense of beauty and harmony for the overall complex.Some units are designed to combine home and work, a very common demand in the low-income population.

Villa 31. Buenos Aires. Argentina. Arq. Jorge Jauregui.

Inserted in a strategic point of the city of Buenos Aires, this slum fights for its permanence in the site against the public power policy that has been a systematic eradication of slums, extrapolating them to the perifhery of the city.We developed an urban design proposal that promotes the integration with the city since our principle is to respect and value the cultural traces that the population adds to the territory.The proposal approach is to restore the place and the existing underutilized buildings. We propose a network of vehicular and pedestrian streets to connect with the formal city improving the access points to the community with the design of a gateway with landscape treatment and adequate urban furnitare.We generate sport and leisure areas that include: a football field, a gymnasium, am amphitheater, cultural and job generation spaces.The focus of the project was the acaptative reuse of existing warehouses and esplanade, transforming the area in a space for multiple public activities of high architectural quality, with social assistance centers, bars, restaurantes, markets.

Holcim Award.Hacia una arquitectura sustentable. Suiza. Arq. Jorge Jauregui

This project is thinking in function of generated a study that response to autosusteinability.
This possibility structure has to attend to the urban regeneration in deteriorated areas.
The idea beginning of the concept of Urban Stem Cell (USC), than the passively origin, compost for three surfaces, the productive one's (hydroponics vertical cultivate with the collect that attend of income and work center generation, ones communicational (publicity, illumination, cinema in the public square) and the anchoring surface (used for Workshops, spaces, for sleep and study, it will be the proper structure).

Favela Rocinha. Rio de Janiero. Brasil. Arq. Jorge Jauregui

The Development Social-Spatial Plan (PDSE) uses the strategy based in the methodology, that articulates the territory of “Rocinha”, regrouping in projected units, from a hierarchy that includes Poles (non central) connecting with the city, and Sectors of Urban Development (SDU). This, groups the existents sub-districts (different sectors of one neighborhood) in development zones based in their densities, topography and local identity. These sectors are compounded of many sub-sectors (sub-districts) in concordance of their characteristics, each sub-district is structured in projected cells, organized in condominiums. As part of this structured hierarchy, in each Sector of Urban Development (SDU) it is inserted a Sector Cells of Development (C_CEL) that includes the whole urban equipment for culture, sports and recreation. Associated at these Cells it has been programmed, different areas, with diverse habitat (living spaces) typologies, offering varied options for relocations of inhabitant. So the PDSE will assure one interconnected web with the base in new centralities, incorporating the already existents, constituting identifiable focal points, operating as social grounders, anchors, interconnecting spatial and socially the identity of the community, given signs of a new order in the place